Women are under-represented in management and coaching and most sport administrators are still men. In male sports, very few women take part in these roles, but even in women’s sport men often get these positions. An example is netball, which is dominated by male coaches and umpires. Men are in control of most sports at every level. Women are given opportunities as coaches, organisers, umpires and referees. However, fewer women are seen in management and administrative roles. Violence is quite common in some sports, team sports in particular. It is often the strong desire to win that leads to violence. If the opposition’s best player is injured, they can no longer play a full role in the game. Violence can also be caused by pent-up frustration. When the match is not going their way, players may get angry and vent their aggression at opponents or officials. These same pressures and frustrations can affect spectators as well. Spectators are very passionate, and fans often experience extreme emotions when supporting their team especially at key matches. Football is a typical example of sport that attracts the biggest crowd and gives rise to problems of verbal and racial abuse directed at players and officials. The problem of football hooliganism has received a lot of attention. It became a major problem in the 1960s and developed into the 1970s, resulting in disastrous events at the Heysel stadium in Belgium and the Hillsborough stadium in the 1980s, which resulted in commissioned investigations into spectator behaviour and the safety aspects of football grounds leading to the implementation of safety measures resulting from the findings of the ‘ Taylor Report’. Violence in the form of terrorism also affects sports. Terrorists occasionally target sporting events to publicise their cause. They usually target high profile games for such attacks, for example the Munich Olympics in 1972; Sri Lankan cricketers in 2009, and the Boston marathon in 2013. The events usually continue despite the grief and devastation, sending a message that sport will not be beaten. Security checks on fans, video surveillance and the use of intelligence information are used to ensure safety. NEXT WEEK: Drugs in sport WOMEN UNDER-REPRESENTED Women have traditionally been associated with the arts in general and dance in particular, but many sporting and adventurous activities have traditionally been seen as male pursuits. This is a part of the traditional view of the women in society as housewives. Their lack of financial independence, the lack of childcare facilities and their supposed unsuitability for certain types of competitive sport have all worked together to restrict participation. These cultural barriers are deeply rooted and also affect the coverage of females in sports by the media, potential commercial sponsorship opportunities and opportunities for female participation and progression. Even though unmarried women had their separate Olympic Games in ancient Greece, the modern Games were based on male competition, with Pierre de Coubertin stating that the role of women should be restricted to that of an admiring spectator. Therefore, they were not allowed to participate in the 1896 Games and were only allowed to participate in golf and tennis at the Games in 1900s. Gradually, the number of events in which they could participate increased. They were allowed in swimming in 1912, athletics in 1928, marathon in 1984, 10,000 metres in 1988, and judo events in 1992. At the 1968 Games in Mexico, a woman, Enriquetta Basilio, lit the Olympic flame, a first for a woman at the Games. Today, it is possible for women to take part in almost any sport. Social changes have gradually given women more opportunities to control their own lives. The gender stereotyping, is gradually being broken down, and female participation has increased in all areas of sport. This could be as a result of the following: n The recognition that exercise is good for health • Greater economic freedom • Efforts by governments and sport authorities to promote sports for everyone • An increase in the number of activities which appeal to women. • More role models for women • Increased media coverage • More childcare facilities at leisure centres Although the gap is closing, some people still believe that some sport is a man’s world, and being competitive and muscular is not appropriate for women. Media still gives more coverage to male than female sport, it is much harder to attract sponsors for female sport, there is still inequality of opportunity and the gap in prize money can be very wide.
December 20, 2019
Click here if you’re unable to view the video or gallery on your mobile device. Get live NHL Stanley Cup playoff updates, news and analysis during Game 5 of the Sharks’ first-round series against the Vegas Golden Knights on Thursday at 7 p.m. at SAP Center.It’s do-or-die time for the Sharks, who have lost three consecutive games to Vegas and are on the verge of being eliminated in the postseason by the Golden Knights for the second straight season.San Jose couldn’t stop Vegas from …
November 28, 2019
Sania Mirza reached the Wimbledon doubles semifinal for the first time in her career after she and Elena Vesnina came from behind to beat Nuria Llagostera Vives and Arantxa Parra Santonja, in London on Wednesday.The fourth seed Indo-Russian pair recorded a 3-6 6-4 7-5 win over the unseeded Spanish pair in the quarter-final.Reaching the quarterfinals with American partner Bathanie Mattek in 2008 was her best performance till Wednesday’s match.The Roland Garros finalists faced stiff resistance from the giant killing Spanish combo but they quickly got back into the rhythm to prevail in a hard-fought battle.Sania and Vesnina will next face the winner of the other quarter-final match between the Chinese pair of Shuai Peng and Jie Zheng and Czech Republic’s Kveta Peschke and Katarina Srebotnik of Slovenia.- With PTI inputs
November 28, 2019
PURPLE, THE COLOUR OF HEALTHA favourite with athletes this time, because it ups aerobic exercise performance by as much as 2 per cent. A daily glass of the nitrate-rich purple juice added to the usual training programmes increases stamina by hiking up the level of nitric acid in the body,,PURPLE, THE COLOUR OF HEALTHA favourite with athletes this time, because it ups aerobic exercise performance by as much as 2 per cent. A daily glass of the nitrate-rich purple juice added to the usual training programmes increases stamina by hiking up the level of nitric acid in the body, which reduces the energy requirements of muscles. So athletes can exercise with less oxygen.SCIENCE OF HUMAN ENDURANCEIf the 20th century was all about learning human physiology, training, and nutrition, this is the century of harnessing science to understand the limits of human endurance. For London 2012, athletes are trying to perfect their act with the help of biomechanists, recovery experts, and statistical analysts. This is how science is helping them to push closer to perfection.CHILL AFTER THE DRILLJumping into an ice bath after a heavy practice session is finding favour with athletes. Hard practice can batter the body by producing waste products such as lactic acid in muscles, tendons, tissues, nerves and bones. The icy water forces blood vessels to tighten and drains the waste products. Excessive lactic acid build-up causes muscles to function poorly.FIND YOUR FAULTSComputer scientists, sports biomechanists and physiologists are studying every minute detail of an athlete’s form during practice. Their techniques are taken by high-speed motion-capture cameras. Athletes and coaches gather with scientists and analyse the videos to understand how they run, sprint or swim and how to better their technique. An Optojump measures the exact location and duration of an athlete’s every step, something that would not have been visible with normal video analysis.advertisementA FIX-IT SUITBritish gymnasts are grabbing headlines because of their vibrating suit, MotivePro. Developed by Birmingham researchers, it makes real-time updates of practice sessions, allowing athletes to perform with inch-perfect accuracy. MotivePro attaches small sensors to the wearer’s skin, so that every stretch and movement sends tiny impulses to a computer connected to the suit, analyses the data and sends it to athletes and their coaches.SWIM FASTER, WITH A LITTLE HELPHistory might be made in the 50-metre pool at London’s Aquatics Centre. With hundreds of madly-spinning discs on the lane dividers, it is one of the most technologically advanced pools ever built. Designed by A&T Europe S.p.a., the discs in the pool will eliminate ambient water energy that impedes a swimmer’s motion and slows them down.
November 28, 2019
Suhaib Ilyasi proved too clever for the fugitivesSushila Chedda’s modus operandi was simple: stay in a posh locality in Mumbai, become a confidante of the neighbours, get their original housing documents, insert her own name in the photocopies and then sell or mortgage the flats to real estate agents using,Suhaib Ilyasi proved too clever for the fugitivesSushila Chedda’s modus operandi was simple: stay in a posh locality in Mumbai, become a confidante of the neighbours, get their original housing documents, insert her own name in the photocopies and then sell or mortgage the flats to real estate agents using the fake papers. She would probably have succeeded again.This time as Pratima Shah in Geeta Colony in Anand, Gujarat. Having convinced the residents of being a devout lady, she borrowed money to launch a herbal cosmetics export business. She also promised to give six gullible girls a break in the movies.But there was one loophole Sushila forgot to plug: television – and a programme on it called India’s Most Wanted (IMW). A neighbours happened to see an episode on Sushila’s activities in Mumbai. The face seemed suspiciously familiar.Only the hair was a bit longer and she was sporting glasses now. Yes, the Sushila who had duped people of about Rs 4 crore in Mumbai was none other than the lady next door. The police were promptly alerted and Sushila found that her game was up.So did nine other criminals before her. And all of them courtesy IMW, a unique interactive show which airs every Tuesday night on Zee TV. It recreates unsolved crime cases and solicits public participation in getting vital leads about absconding criminals. Result: 10 outlaws have already been caught in a span of seven months and 33 episodes.The show is faring equally well on the other yardstick of success – the TRPs – getting a rating of 10-12 on an average on the INTAM scale. It figures among the top 10 programmes in cable and satellite homes across India.advertisement”Its ratings have been steadily climbing and for October it was Zee’s second most watched show after Amanat,” says Ranjan Bakshi, Zee’s vice-president, corporate communications. Producer-director Suhaib Ilyasi claims the serial earns about Rs 70 lakh per week as ad revenue for the channel, fetching Rs 70,000 for a 10-second spot. No wonder Zee has decided to extend its 52-episode run to 104 now. “The show will run as long as there are criminals and cases,” declares Bakshi.Ilyasi himself has come a long way from managing the show on his own to having a 30-member team to back him up. “Initially I visited several states to collect the stories,” he says. Now the viewers and a regular network of 300 freelance journalists constantly bring home all the information.His show has already covered 50 cases and he has material for 200 more. “On an average we receive about 15 important cases a month,” he says. The channel itself has set up a special cell to handle the viewer response to the show.”Any letter could be a tip-off,” says Bakshi. The channel receives 10,000 letters a day for the show, of which about 600 detail viewers’ own experiences of fraud or injustice. About 15 of these are treated on a priority basis.The police were apprehensive of the show initially. It was seen as an interference in their work. But some dogged persistence and help from Delhi Police officials like Deepak Mishra, the then DCP (West), Qamar Ahmad, DCP (Crime), and B.S. Bola, DCP (Special Branch), made life easier. The programme gets its information not just from the police but also from the victims and witnesses.”The idea is to offer a balanced perspective,” says Ilyasi. The result is a rather delicate, tenuous relationship he shares with the police. “They are supportive but there have been times when the police have not been too happy,” admits Ilyasi. Like his depiction of the Connaught Place shoot-out in which innocent people were mistaken for criminals and shot dead.”The serial isn’t propaganda for the police,” he declares. Another episode which stirred a hornet’s nest was on Chandraswami’s possible involvement in the killing of journalist Rajendra Jain, a prime witness in the Rajiv Gandhi assassination case. Yet another important one was on sandalwood smuggler Veerappan.IMW was initially greeted with scepticism by viewers and critics. Tacky show, bad acting – complaints were aplenty. Also that it was copied from America’s Most Wanted. Ilyasi himself claims he was inspired by Crime Stoppers, which he saw in England while working for TV Asia in the early ’90s.But the show continues to tick. Media analyst Akhila Sivadas thinks it is the spontaneous yet crude recreation of crime which has yielded so much viewer response. “It gives the feel as if the crime is happening in your backyard. Any bit of sophistication would have killed the drama,” she says.advertisementIlyasi too admits that he deliberately doesn’t go for established actors. The idea is to hook the people with the narrative. “They must retain the strong impact and react to it,” says Ilyasi. But this deliberate high pitch also has its pitfalls.”The prolonged scenes can hurt the sensibilities,” says Sivadas. The police have similar reservations about the show. “Criminals do get caught. But the graphic details may give ideas to others,” says Delhi Police’s Satyendra Garg, DCP (North West).Both Garg and Sivadas believe this has to do with the nature of television itself. “TV establishes an instant rapport with the audience,” says Sivadas. “But it’s also an unmediated relationship that can have an adverse impact,” she says.Garg feels the dramatic element of the show needs to be toned down. “Also all they show are just routine criminals and not really the most wanted in India. Some homework needs to be done here,” says Garg.Despite its detractors the success run continues. The latest is that IMW has inspired PTV to launch a similar show. Time to make way for Pakistan’s Most Wanted.